5. delphi 德尔菲
second to the acropolis in athens, delphi is greece’s most popular archaeological site. located about two and half hours from athens along the slopes of the awe-inspiring mount parnassus, delphi was once revered by the ancient greeks as the center of the earth. dedicated to the god, apollo, delphi was an important oracle. in ancient times, people would come to this sacred spot to inquire of the priestess for advice on a wide range of topics from farming to relationships and politics. significant ruins and structures at delphi include the temple of apollo, the athenian treasury, the theater and hippodrome that once hosted events of the ancient pythian games.
oracle[ˈɔːrəkl]: n. 神谕；预言；神谕处；圣人
hippodrome[ˈhɪpədroʊm]: n. 竞技场；跑马场（古希腊）
4. meteora 美特拉
the greek word meteora means “suspended in the air,” and this phrase aptly describes the spectacular cliffs that rise more than 1,200 feet (366 meters) into the air overlooking the villages of kalambaka and kastraki in the north central mainland of greece. what makes these cliffs even more inspiring are the historic monasteries perched along the summits. dating back to the 14th and 16th centuries, the monasteries at meteora were built by monks seeking spiritual isolation and freedom from religious persecution.
persecution[ˌpɜːrsɪˈkjuːʃn]: n. 迫害；烦扰
3. crete 克里特岛
the largest of the greek islands, crete is a spacious land of pleasing contrasts where landscapes range from stunning coastline to rugged mountains and rolling countryside dotted with olive trees. bustling metropolitan cities spread beyond to quiet villages centered around outdoor coffee shops. steeped in history, crete still bears archaeological traces of the many civilizations that inhabited it down through the centuries.
2. athens 雅典
inhabited for more than 3,000 years, athens is widely known as the cradle of western civilization and the birthplace of democracy. the city presents a confusing blend of historical and modern features. athens is famous for its archaeological ruins and monuments such as the famous acropolis, the parthenon, the ancient agora and the theatre of dionysos just to name a few. however, athens is not just about ancient ruins. this bustling city is also an important center for business, culture and nightlife.
1. greek islands 希腊群岛
the beautiful and exotic greek islands lure droves of tourists every year, making them one of the world’s top travel destinations. with more than 2,000 islands to choose from they may initially be bewildered by their number and variety. from gorgeous beaches, ancient ruins, colorful harbors and active volcanoes the greek islands have it all.
part of the cyclades group, santorini is among the most picturesque islands and definitely one of the best places to visit in greece. also part of the cyclades, mykonos features a modern, cosmopolitan society blended with traditional whitewashed houses and maze-like streets. located in the aegean sea near the coast of turkey, rhodes is the capital and largest island of the dodecanese archipelago, popular for its great beaches and historical significance. the northernmost of greece’s ionian islands, corfu was controlled by many foreign powers, notably the venetians and british, which is reflected in its culture and the architecture on the island.
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